The Valley of the Artisans(Inherkhau)

Know about Deir el Medina, the Valley of the Artisans

This valley was inhabited by painters, laborers, craftsmen and cravers who worked in the royal tombs near the place. The place is thus referred as the Workmen’s Village, and the name Deir el Medina was derived when the temple of Hathor was converted into a church.

 

Inherkhau: an introduction

Referred as the “Foreman of the Lord of the Two Lands in the Place of Truth”, Inherkhau lived and worked in the 20th dynasty during the reigns of Ramesses III and Ramesses IV. His tomb, TT 359, is located on the West Bank of Luxor in the necropolis of Deir el Medina. The tomb has some remarkable and rich decoration patterns and depicts one of the finest artistic works in the dynasty. TT 359 is the only Tomb from the 20th dynasty and decorations in the upper and burial chambers were all painted in a yellow background. The two tombs of Inerkhau are referred as TT 299 and TT 359, while the former is believed to be for Inherkhau and TT 359 tomb was intended for the use of his family.

 

Inherkhau’s role in the tomb construction

It’s believed that the tomb was supervised by two foremen, where one was responsible for work on the right side and other for work on the left side. The role of Foreman became hereditary and they not just supervised work but also worked in distributing work and payments and played a prominent part in the local court. The great grandfather of Inherkhau became a foreman during the rule of Ramesses II and Inherkhau joined as an ordinary laborer and attained the position of a deputy foreman of his father at the age of 17. It’s believed that he should have worked till Ramesses VII reigned.

 

Remarkable features of TT 359 tomb

Scenes from Book of Gates and text from Book of the Dead were seen in the Upper chamber with one image of Inherkhau with his wife facing queens and kings were also found. The ceiling displayed unusual patterns of spirals and rosettes. The deep burial chamber has the most striking images and has seventeen images in fourteen scenes in three registers to the right and three registers to the left scenes on right portray mythological creatures and on left showed scenes from the afterworld.

 

For entry into the tomb

Tomb of Inherkhau is located next to Sennedjem’s tomb in Deir el Medina and can be visited by tourists from 6.00 am to 4.00 pm during winter season. The cost of the ticket is EGP 30 for the tombs of Inherkhau and Sennedjem and Temple of Hathor and can be bought at the ticket office at the main West Bank.

 

Remains of the tomb

It should be noted that the tomb TT 359 did not had any funerary equipments left and also there were no funeral banquets and scenes of lamenting to be seen. The tomb has been believed to be visited in the beginning of 19th century after which scenes were removed by the collectors.

Tombs of the valley of Artisans

INHERKHAU

This valley was inhabited by painters, laborers, craftsmen and cravers

IRUNEFER

Irunefer’s tomb no 290, referred as TT 290 is located at the far end of the Western Cemetery

Tombs of the Pharaohs, Queens and Princes at Thebes (Luxor)

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Tombs of the Pharaohs, Queens and Princes at Thebes (Luxor)

For full list of Egypt Tombs:

Tombs of the Kings (Luxor)The Valley of the Kings was the royal cemetery for 62 Pharaohs

Tombs of the Noblemen at Thebes (Luxor)The Valley of The Nobles is locatThe site has rock cut tombs of

TOMBS OF THE QUEENS (LUXOR)

The Valley of the Queens is an isolated cemetery, at the southern part of

Tombs of the Workers of Deir el-Medineh (Luxor)Deir El Medina is one of the interesting historical sites which are commonly

Tombs of Beni Hassan Situated about 20 kilometers to the South of the city Al Minya

TOMBS OF SAN AL HAGER

Tanis or San El Hagar, as it is called today, was once the capital of ancient Egypt

Other Egypt Tombs:

Tombs of AswanThe city of Aswan during the ancient times was never the city we know of today

TOMB OF ANIBA

belongs to one of the officials who lived at the time of Ramses II and was called Pennut.

TOMBS OF THE OASES

The Bahariya Oasis is the northernmost oasis of Egypt. This oasis has a particular historical

Egypt Famous Tombs:

AMENHOTEP I

Amenshotep I was the second Pharaoh who ruled in the 18th Dynasty in ancient Egypt

HOREMHEB

Horemheb, the successor of Ay, served in the courts of Amenophis IV

INHERKHAU

This valley was inhabited by painters, laborers, craftsmen and cravers

IRUNEFER

Irunefer’s tomb no 290, referred as TT 290 is located at the far end of the Western Cemetery

KHAEMHAT

Khaemhat or Mahu was a Royal Scribe and the “Overseer of the Granaries of Upper

KHAEMWASET

Khaemwaset was one of the sons of Ramesses III, and the prince held the title of the Eldest Son of the King

KHERUEF

TT 192, which is the private tomb of Kheruef

Khonsu Khonsu, also known as To, with the title First Prophet of Menkheperre

MENNA

It’s believed that Menna worked at Karnak at the Temple of Amun and supervised field measurement

MERNEPTAH

Throne of Merneptah was named as Ba-en-re Mery-netjeru

NAKHT

Nakht, who held the title of Astronomer of Amun, or Observer of the Hours

NEFERRENPET

Neferrenpet or Kenro was a Scribe and an officer of the Treasury at Thebes

SETI II

The son of King Merenptah and Queen Isonofret, Seti II Userkheperure

SHUROY

Shuroy who lived during the Ramesside period in the 19th Dynasty

SIPTAH

The tomb of Siptah referred as KV47 is located in the Valley of the Kings

SITRE IN

The tomb number KV 60 in the Valley of the Kings at the west bank of Luxor

NEFERSEKHERU

Scribe of the Divine Offerings of all the Gods’ and ‘Officer in the Treasury

NEFERTARI

Valley of the Queens, also known by the names Biban el-Sultanat

PASHEDU

Pashedu, whose father was Menna, is believed to be the first member in his family

RAMESSES-I

KV 16, the tomb of Rameses I, is located opposite to the tomb of Horemheb

RAMESSES-II

KV7 tomb in the Valley of the Kings is the burial place of the Ancient Egyptian Pharaoh

RAMESSES-III

The tomb of Ramesses III, designated as KV 11, is a complex system

RAMESSES-II-SONS

The tomb is a subterranean, rock-cut tomb located in the main wadi

RAMESSES-IV

Tomb number KV2 in the Valley of the Kings is the burial place of Ramesses IV

RAMESSES-VI

KV9, which is said to be the tomb of Ramesses VI, is located in the main wadi of Valley

RAMESSES-IX

Ramesses IX was perhaps the most successful who helped in returning Egypt

RAMESSES-VII

The tomb KV1 is the burial place of Ramesses VII and it’s a small tomb

RAMESSES-X

Used during the New Kingdom, twentieth dynasty, Tomb KV 18 in the Valley of the Kings

RAMESSES-XI

Tomb KV4 which is the final resting place of king Ramesses XI

RAMESSES-MENTUHERKHEPSHEF

Mentuherkhepshef, who was the son of Ramesses IX

TAUSERT & SETNAKHT

The tomb KV14 in the Valley of the Kings at the west bank of Luxor in Egypt

TUTANKHAMEN

Tutankhamen the meaning of which was the Living image of Amun

TUTHMOSIS I

Thutmosis I was the third Pharaoh who ruled in the 18th dynasty in Egypt

TUTHMOSIS I & HATSHEPSUT

The tomb KV 20 at the Valley of the Kings on the west bank of Luxor

THUTMOSIS III

KV34 in the Valley of the Kings is said to be the final resting place

TUTHMOSIS IV

Located in the east valley, the tomb of Tuthmosis IV

TOMB OF TYTI

Tyti is believed to have been the wife of Ramesses III

TOMB OF USERHAT (TT51)

Userhat lived during the 19th dynasty and had an unusual post of grave

TOMB OF RAMOSE

Ramose was a Vizier during the eighteenth dynasty

TOMB OF REKHMIRE

Rekhmire was a Vizier during the reigns of Tuthmose III and Amenhotep II

TOMB OF YUYA & TJUYU

Yuva ad Tjuyu, who lived during the 18th dynasty in Egypt